A. P. Chekhov, "Vanka": a summary of the work
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov is a famous Russian writer. His works to date are published in more than 100 languages. His immortal plays are staged in many theaters of the world. To our public the writer is more known for his short humorous stories. "Horse name", "Lady with a dog", "Kashtanka" and many other works, well known to us from childhood, wrote A. P. Chekhov. "Vanka" (a summary is given in the article) is a story of a famous author, known to us from the school's bench. It was written more than a hundred years ago and is included in the compulsory curriculum for studying literature in primary schools in all general schools.
Vanya yearns for his grandfather
Vanka Zhukov, a nine-year-old boy, was giventeaching to Moscow to the shoemaker Alyakhin. He is an orphan, from his relatives he has only grandfather Konstantin Makarych. It's been three long months since Vanka left the village. The boy is very sad for his grandfather, remembering every moment he spent with him. Vanka likes to imagine what the grandfather is doing in the village now. Here is Konstantin Makarych, a little brisk old man with an eternally drunken face and cheerful eyes, chatting with the cooks in the people's room. He loves tobacco, smells it, sneezes. But in the evening he goes around with a hammer-rider to the manor-house - he guards it. He is always accompanied by two dogs: black Vjun and old Kashtanka. With the description of Konstantin Makarych, the only native man of the protagonist, Chekhov began his narrative. "Vanka" (a brief summary read later) is a story that evokes from the first lines of readers' sympathy for a simple village boy.
Vanka's complaints in the letter
Vanka writes a letter to her grandfather, in whichdescribes all the hardships of his life with strangers. His share is, indeed, unenviable. The apprentices laugh at him, make him steal from the owners and send for vodka to the tavern. The family of the shoemaker in which he lives is not merciful to him. There are few give: in the morning - bread, lunch - porridge, in the evening - also bread. And for every fault the owner severely punishes the little boy. So, recently he dragged Vanka out by the hair in the yard and beat him with his gyrus. And the mistress for the fact that the boy wrongly began to peel herring, poked his face with fish. But most of all Vanka does not like to babysit with their child. When the baby cries at night, the boy is forced to swing it. I very much want to sleep a little kid. And if he happens to fall asleep, shaking the cradle, for this he is also punished. He described all this in his letter to his grandfather. "Vanka" AP Chekhov - is a story about the uneasy share of peasant children, defenseless before the will of the gentlemen.
Vanka's memories of a happy time in the village
And Vanka likes to remember the time when helived in the village with his grandfather. His mother Pelageya served as maid to the masters, and often the boy was with her. The young lady Olga Ignatyevna was very supportive of the child, treated him to candies and from nothing to do she learned to write, read and even dance quadrille. But most of all I remember Vanya's Christmas from the gentlemen. Before the holiday Konstantin Makarych went to the forest behind the tree and took his grandson with him. It was terribly cold, the frost was cracking. And Vanka was not bothering at all. After all, he was near my grandfather! So describes the happy life of a boy in the village of Chekhov. "Vanka" (the summary does not convey the emotions that remain after reading the work in the original) is a story that causes readers a keen sense of pity and a desire to help a naive child.
Happy Vanka sends a letter
Having finished his letter, the boy signs it: "To the village of my grandfather." And after thinking, he adds: "Konstantin Makarych." How to send a message, Vanka knows. After all, the day before he asked about it the traders from the butcher's shop. They told him that letters should be lowered into the mailbox. Then they are taken out and carried around the world on triplets with bells. Having reached the first drawer, the boy, pleased with himself, throws a letter at him. Having done this, he walks home cheerfully. An hour later, Vanka is already sleeping sweetly. He dreams about how his grandfather Konstantin Makarych sits on a warm stove, hanging his legs, and reads the letter of his grandson to the cooks. This episode ends his story AP Chekhov. "Vanka" (the main heroes of the story are people who are positive and even somewhat naive) is a work that evokes a sympathetic smile among readers.
The theme of childhood often sounds in the stories of the writer. About a young naive and good peasant boy wrote his work Chekhov. "Vanka" (a brief summary you learned from the article) - the story is small, but very interesting. We recommend that you read it in full.