Artwork: the concept and its components
Art is such an area of activitya person who is facing his emotional, aesthetic side of personality. Through auditory and visual images, through associative series and intense mental and spiritual work, there is a kind of communication with the creator of the work of art and those for whom it was created: the listener, the reader, the viewer.
Artwork is a concept related,first of all, with literature. By this term is meant not just any coherent text, but bearing a certain aesthetic load. It is this nuance that distinguishes such a work from, for example, a scientific treatise or a business document.
Artwork differsimagery. It does not matter whether it's a multi-volume novel or just a quatrain. Under imagery is understood the richness of the text with expressive-visual language means. At the level of vocabulary, this is expressed in the use of the author of such paths as epithets, metaphors, hyperboles, personifications, etc. At the level of syntax, a work of art can be saturated with inversions, rhetorical figures, syntactic repetitions or joints, and so on.
For the artistic text is characteristic of the second,additional, deep meaning. Subtext is guessed for a number of features. A similar phenomenon is not inherent in business and scientific texts, the task of which is to report any reliable information.
Artwork is associated with suchconcepts, as a theme and idea, the position of the author. The theme is what this text is about: what events are described in it, what era is covered, what subject is being considered. Thus, the subject of the image in landscape lyric poetry is nature, its states, complex manifestations of life, reflection of the states of man through the states of nature. The idea of an artwork is thoughts, ideals, views that are expressed in the work. So, the main idea of the famous Pushkin "I remember a wonderful moment ..." is the display of the unity of love and creativity, the understanding of love as the main driving, reviving and inspiring beginning. And the position or point of view of the author is the attitude of the poet, writer to those ideas, to the heroes that are depicted in his creation. It can be controversial, it may not coincide with the main line of criticism, but it is the main criterion in evaluating the text, revealing its ideological and semantic aspect.
Artwork is the unity of formand content. Each type of literary text is built according to its own laws and must answer them. So, in the novel, traditionally raised problems of a public nature, depicts the life of a class or social system, through which, as in prism, reflects the problems and spheres of society as a whole. In the lyrical poem, the tense life of the soul is reflected, emotional feelings are transmitted. By the definition of critics, in a real work of art, nothing can be subtracted or added: everything is in order, as needed.
Aesthetic function is realized in the literarytext through the language of the work of art. In this regard, such texts can serve as textbooks, because give unsurpassed in beauty and charm samples of great prose. It is no accident that foreigners wishing to learn the language of a foreign country as best as possible are advised to read first of all the time-tested classics. For example, Turgenev's prose, Bunin's are wonderful examples of owning all the richness of the Russian word and the ability to convey its beauty.