ATS-59: history, description, technical characteristics
In 1954, the Kurgan plant, the mainproduction of which was aimed at the production of heavy cranes, is being reorganized. Now its task was the development of a new industry in machine building. Namely, the plant's management was instructed to develop and establish a serial production of artillery tractors of the middle class on caterpillar tracks. In this connection, KZTK is renamed into KMZ (Kurgan Machine Building Plant).
The first medium artyagyaguchi
Since the experience in the production of such machinesat the Kurgan was not yet, then for the development of the first tractor the specialists of the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant) were involved, who, in fact, developed the machine. Supervised by the project I. S. Kavyarov, previously worked as Deputy Chief Designer of ChTZ, and since 1954 appointed Chief Designer at KMZ.
The first automatic telephone exchanges, assembled using tractornodes, came out of the production shop just a couple of months after the start of work on the project. The car turned out to be quite successful, and on its base the plant produced several modifications of the transporter, both military and civilian.
The next car was completely released by KB KMZ, it was a art-tying machine ATS-59 (factory code - "650").
Description of the new artyagyagcha
The development of a tractor unit began in 1956. The machine was designed primarily for towing artillery systems and trailers, as well as transporting in the body of ammunition, hiking equipment and combat crew, serving the towed gun.
In front of the ATS-59, directly above the main clutch and gearbox, was a metal welded cabin, designed for two people (the driver and the senior car).
The cab of the tractor was very tight, even for two people, with small uncomfortable entrance doors. In the center of the cabin was arranged a large casing, which opens access to the transmission units and the main clutch.
In the ATC cross-country vehicle ATC-59, the designers have provided an input that allows connecting the power take-off drive in the case of attaching attachments.
The body of the machine was a carrier of very strong construction, welded from thick sheet steel.
Power plant designers are located between the cabin and the platform for cargo.
The undercarriage included a torsionalIndependent suspension with five support twin rollers on each side. At the first (being leading) and the last wheels are mounted hydraulic shock absorbers of the lever type. The rollers themselves were a double rubberized construction of a rather large diameter.
At the rear of the tractor truckplatform provided for folding benches, which can accommodate 12-14 people. Under the benches it is possible to install additional fuel tanks if necessary. From above, for protection from the weather, the body was covered with a waterproof tent with windows.
Also, the ATV-59 is equipped with a reversible traction winch located at the rear of the machine.
Thanks to the elaborate layout the machineIt turned out to be highly resistant to overturning when driving on steep slopes. A high patency ATC-59 allowed it to operate in almost any off-road conditions.
The path from experienced cars to series
The first experienced ATVs were built in 1958year, after which the cycle of comprehensive factory testing of the machine began, after which the next stage of inspections began for the tractor. This time the tractor was tested by the military, who on the whole appreciated the car positively and took it into service by changing the factory marking to ATS-59.
Further refinement of the machine was carried out already inthe course of production. The first experimental batch of 10 cars left the plant's workshops by the end of the spring of 1961. A year later, the output of the all-terrain vehicle reached 120 copies a month. In addition, parallel work was being done to create various modifications of the tractor. As a result, the plant on the basis of the 59th started to produce cable and railroad stackers, as well as bulldozers.
Also, the tractor ATC-59 with a boom lift was specially commissioned by the military. It has found its application in anti-aircraft missile forces.
1. Dimensions of the all-terrain vehicle - 6m 28 cm x 2 m 78 cm x 2 m 30 cm (height at the upper level of the cabin).
2. The ground clearance is 42.5 cm.
3. The road gauge is 2 m 20 cm.
4. Base - 3 m 28 cm.
5. The curb weight is 13 tons 200 kg.
6. Power plant - W650G with a capacity of 300 l / s.
7. Maximum speed with full load, while driving on the highway - 39 km / h.
8. Power reserve under full load with trailer:
- on the highway - 730 km;
- on the ground - 500 km.
9. The permissible steepness of the slope to be overcome when driving without a trailer is 35 degrees.
10. Carrying capacity:
- permissible weight of cargo for transportation in the body - 3 tons;
- the maximum weight of the trailer is 14 tons.
Evaluation of machine
For all time of operation the ATV-59 all-terrain vehiclehas established itself as a very reliable and, importantly, unpretentious machine. Due to this, it was widely used in the army as a tractor and a basic chassis for special installations. On a civilian, the machine was used in the basic configuration for the development of new impassable areas of the country.
Old tractor with new cab
The only significant drawback of the tractor -close cabin - was eliminated with the advent of ATE-59G. In fact, it was the same ATS-59, the characteristics of which remained unchanged in the new model, but with an entirely different, completely redesigned and spacious six-seater cabin equipped with a more powerful heating system. Such processing added popularity and increased demand for the car.
And after KMZ stopped issuingcaterpillar tractors in connection with the need to redesign production lines for the production of infantry fighting vehicles, production of cross-country vehicles did not stop, but was transferred to Poland, which at the time was among the countries of the Warsaw Pact.