Azithromycin: instructions for use.
The drug "Azithromycin" (Azithromycin) is available in tablets and capsules for two hundred and fifty milligrams of the active substance. In a blister pack of six pieces on a blister.
Pharmacological effects of the drug "Azithromycin" instructions for use describes this way:
It is an antibiotic of a wide range of effects,belongs to the group of macrolides. Has a good bactericidal effect when creating in the pathological focus of its high concentrations. Gram-positive cocci, gram-negative bacteria, some anaerobic microbes, and also some protozoa are sensitive to the preparation.
Pharmacokinetics of the drug "Azithromycin" instructions for use describes this:
It is easily and quickly absorbed from the digestive tract, thanksits lipophilicity and resistance to an acidic environment. After internal reception of five hundred milligram of a preparation the maximum its concentration in blood is reached after two and a half - three hours and makes four tenth milligrams per liter. Biological availability is thirty seven percent. It is well distributed in the respiratory tract, urogenital tract, prostate gland, skin and soft tissues. And the concentration of azithromycin in the pathological focus is on average twenty-four to thirty-four percent higher than in the healthy tissues surrounding it. This substance is able to remain in the inflammatory focus for five to seven days, which makes it possible to apply short treatment courses - for three to five days.
Indications for the appointment of the drug "Azithromycin" instructions for use describes these:
Infectious diseases of ENT organs, upper respiratory tract, scarlet fever, atypical and bacterial pneumonia, bronchitis, impetigo, erysipelas, skin diseases, some infections of the genitourinary system.
The drug "Azithromycin". Application:
Before appointment, each patient needsconduct a sample for sensitivity. The medicine should be taken one hour before meals or two hours after it. You need to take it once a day. For adults, if they have respiratory, soft tissue, skin infections, they are prescribed half a gram on the first day, a quarter of a gram from the second to the fifth day, or half a gram for three days (the dose per course is one and a half grams). In acute infectious diseases of the urogenital tract, the drug "Azithromycin" instructions for use gives such doses: once two pills by half a gram. At the first stage of Lyme disease, two half-gram tablets are given on the first day and one from the second to the fifth days (three grams of the drug is given per course). Children are made appointments, given their body weight. If a child weighs more than ten kilograms, then on the first day is assigned ten milligrams per kilogram, and in the next four - reduce to five. Also, a three-day course of treatment with a single dose of ten milligrams per kilogram is practiced (the dose per course is thirty milligrams per kilogram).
If you need to take "Azithromycin" and drugs that reduce the acidity of gastric juice, between their reception you need to take a break in two hours.
Side effects of the drug "Azithromycin" instructions for use describes the following:
Diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, flatulence, vomiting, very rarely - a rash on the skin.
According to the information, which contains the annotation, "Azithromycin" has such contraindications to the application:
Hypersensitivity to components,which are contained in the preparation. For severe violations of the kidney and liver, if you have allergies in the history, you need to be careful during treatment with this drug. During pregnancy and lactation, appoint only if the benefit from it significantly exceeds the possible risk.