Today, begonia room is one of the most frequently grown plants. Flowers begonia combine tenderness and beauty, it is suitable for both garden and indoor growing.
The plant begonia room was opened in 17century, and today more than 1000 hybrid varieties have been bred by breeders. Especially popular are the varieties that were produced in Belgium. They have smart flowers of various shades. But you can meet these amazing flowers in the tropics.
Depending on the grade, begonia can be a herbaceous one-year-old and perennial shrub plant. There are three groups of this plant: tuber, bush and leaf begonia.
Care of the plant depends on the conditions where it will be grown.
For example, the tuber begonia room will beit is good to feel in the sunlight, and varieties that have large flowers will grow better in the shade. The same conditions apply to the begonia of the ampel variety, the place for planting is selected depending on the size of the flowers. But almost all varieties of begonia are poorly tolerated by wind and drafts. From the wind, the flowers of begonia can fade, and the stems break.
Lighting and temperature mode
Begonia (houseplants) prefers the usualair temperature, grades having small flowers carry a lower temperature, for example up to +10 degrees. But all varieties of begonias do not tolerate frost. Leaves may suffer, and even turn black with cold wind. A very hot or high temperature helps stop the growth of flowers, the fall of the leaf and the loss of juiciness and color buds.
Like all houseplants, begonia is goodtransfers moisture. But watering should be moderate. Overabundance of moisture or its stagnation causes rot of tubers and stems. If there is not enough water, the leaves and stems lose their juiciness. As for the time, it is best to water begonia in the morning, so that the moisture evaporates throughout the day.
One of the main conditions for the good development of begoniais the state of the soil. The tuber begonia has certain requirements to the earth. This flower requires a loose and nutritious soil. A hybrid variety loves a denser land. Ideal ground mixture for adult plants is deciduous land, peat and sand in the proportion of 3-1-1.
It is very useful to add to the soil such fertilizer as cow dung.
To the foliage of the plant was strong and healthy,After landing begonia open soil for three weeks, feed the flower with nitrate or complex fertilizer. Keep in mind that the fertilizer contains as little nitrogen as possible, since its overabundance can damage the plant, cause greater elongation, or even decay.
Planting begonias in open ground is better inearly summer period. If you have a greenhouse, a closed loggia or a glazed balcony, you can land in May. Cover the seedlings with low temperature. Very useful for this flower is a kind of hardening, that is, at first you need to take out pots or boxes of flowers on the balcony for a limited time.
If you plan to plant seedlings on a flowerbed, then before planting it is necessary to hold the seedlings in the apartment or in the house. Do not forget to put begonia on the sunny side and water it every day.
In the process of plant transplantation, it is very important to be careful, since from a broken stem or damaged root the plant can die.
Beggarian disease and wreckers
If the care is wrong, the plant can get sick. Leaves and stems can be covered with powdery mildew and gray rot. Therefore, it is very important to treat the plant with antiparasitic drugs at the first signs of the disease. Remember that proper care provides begonia with a beautiful and blooming look.