Foxtrot is a dance with an interesting history and no less interesting technique of performance
Foxtrot is a pair dance, which is part of the classical ballroom. It is considered young, as it appeared only in the first half of the 20-th century. Characterized by the smoothness of movements, grace and playfulness, and most importantly - soft "fox" steps. Also note that the foxtrot is a dance that has been developed in two directions, among which fast-paced performance and slow. Because now we will consider the history of this dance, its features and varieties in detail.
How did Fox's trot appear?
Traditionally, the name of this dance is associated with Harry Fox - a famous participant in various contests and vaudeville early 20 century. Then in New York, he performed at one of the dance floors with his troupe, and they performed ragtime. Judges and spectators drew attention to the unusually soft steps of the dancers, which were comparable to trot movements. So they attributed to this new movement the name of the main choreographer, which soon grew into the name of a separate dance. It should be emphasized that in the view of people of those years the foxtrot is an energetic, bright and impressive spectacle. He consisted not only of trot steps, but also of jumping, swinging legs, abrupt transitions and shifts of poses. After World War I, his choreography changed significantly. The steps became sliding, the movements were more smooth, as were the transitions, and the pace slowed.
What the fox-trot is today
If we draw an analogy with the rest, so to speak, "orthodox" ballroom dances, then the foxtrot is something free, devoid of certain rules and exactness of action. First, in this dance for the first time began to use the direct position of the feet, instead of the reversal, which greatly simplified the work of the performers. Secondly, slow steps here alternate with fast ones, which makes its rhythm unique and unique. Against the backdrop of such a variety of small errors and errors of the dancers remain invisible. Foxtrot is a dance that is performed in the rhythm of 4 / 4, and its tempo depends on the type (see below). The sequence of steps is as follows: slowly, slowly, quickly, quickly, slowly.
Types of foxtrot
As we have already said, this dance in the classical version is divided into two types - slow and fast. In the people there is also a third type - "soshial". He is deprived of any choreographic wisdom and is based only on the rhythm, steps and improvisation of performers. In all cases, the dance is accompanied by the following methods:
- 1 connection. Step-pen, then left turn, triple step, then follows right turn, again pitch-pen and after 1-4 left wave weaving.
- 2 connection. Turn along the side of the hall (impetus), after the feather finish, finished DC, then the telemark open with a pen-ending, 1-6 left wave, again impetus and feather finish.
A slow dance
The king and one of the main "pillars" of the classical program is the slow foxtrot. Ballroom dances had a lot of differences with this new trend, because it was slightly modified, which allowed to include the new "Sloufoks" in the classical program. The main characteristics - grace, lightness, smoothness, plasticity and grace. When the dancers perform sloufoks, it creates a feeling that they are floating above the parquet floor. It is important at the same time to make the slopes of the body, in particular to the sides, and to maintain the balance. It is believed that it is the slowest foxtrot that is most difficult to learn how to dance, since all errors are more evident when the tempo is more smooth, and it is more difficult to keep the balance. The size is 4 / 4, the tempo is from 28 to 30 measures per minute.
This version of the dance was known by everyone as a quickstep. Its development was strongly influenced by the rhythms of jazz, as well as the world famous Charleston dance. For the quickstep performance, excellent technique and 100% balance is required. Here the same "fox" steps were preserved, as in the original version of the dance, which alternate with jumping and swinging feet. Auxiliary movements - turns and progressive steps, chasse, turns and so on. Quickstep is executed in the same size - 4 / 4, but for one minute 50-52 tact is necessary. Thus, the number of beats in the same minute is 200.
The Folk Foxtrot
It is worth saying that this version of the dance is suitable for people who just love to relax and at the same time touch a little, but do not go deeper. In the variant "soshial" the rhythm and size, the sequence of steps, transitions and chassis were preserved. However, this type of choreography has lost its identity, since it does not trace progress. The fact is that the foxtrot is a dance that requires a lot of space to disperse the performers. Since the social option is performed in clubs, restaurants and other institutions not intended for ballroom dances, there is no place there. Because people just left the basic elements of the style, and everything else is already improvisation and a retreat from the classics in order to make the dance easier and more accessible for all comers.