Gardnerella vaginalis - specifica microorganism that is small in size and is a transient microorganism in the human body. Gardnerella is an anaerobic organism; which grows and multiplies only in anoxic conditions. This microorganism has a variable structure, it can take both gram-positive and gram-negative structures.
For many years it was believed thatgardnerella vaginalis is the main causative agent of vaginal dysbiosis and vaginitis, however, this theory was later disproved. The fact is that the methods of diagnostics began to develop more and more, new pathogens were identified, so gardnerellez began to be isolated into a separate disease.
It should be noted that some experts still believe that identifying patients with vaginal gardnerella is a specific marker of bacterial vaginosis.
Gardnerella vaginality really causesdisease with similar clinical signs, as with dysbiosis. In patients there are uncharacteristic discharge with an unpleasant smell of "rotten or frozen fish". Subsequently, itching and burning in the area of the vulva can appear, and then a nonspecific inflammatory process begins.
It is necessary to understand that gardnerella vaginalisis normal in the bioflora of the vagina of any woman, however, it is necessary that the amount of lactobacilli significantly exceeds the number of gardnerella. The permissible concentration of conditionally pathogenic gardnerella in the microflora is up to 25%, when this value begins to increase, dysbacteriosis develops.
Gardnerella vaginalysis can be transmitted as follows:
unprotected sex. It should be borne in mind that various spermacid lubricants, vaginal tablets, creams and foams do not have a bactericidal effect, so they can not protect against STIs;
- Transplacental and vertical way of transmission from mother to child, as a result of which babies are born by seeded gardnerella;
- the household or contact transmission path is notExcluded, but unlikely. It is enough to use a shared towel or linen. To date, there is a lot of controversy between doctors about this way of transfer, however, it has not been ruled out yet.
Gardnerella vaginalis in men - this is nota rare event. Symptoms of the manifestation of the disease are similar in both men and women. However, in men, it is much harder to differentiate this disease. As a rule, they apply at sufficiently advanced stages. In men, gardnerellosis manifests itself most often with balanoposthitis, prostatitis or cystitis.
What diseases can cause gardnerella?
Vaginal gardnerella can lead to developmentseptic spread of infection - the most severe outcome of the disease. Also, these pathogens can lead to the formation of abscesses and inflammation of the lungs.
In women gardnerella most often leads to the development of the inflammation of the small pelvis and external genitalia.
Also associated with gardnerel diseases include cystitis, urethritis and pyelonephritis.
Gardnerella vaginalis: treatment.
Treatment of the disease in women is carried out according to the following scheme:
- elimination of pathological microflora - the drug "Metronidazole" is used;
- Vaginal population of normal microflora - eubiotics;
- immunostimulating drugs and vitamins.
As for the male population, in the case ofdiagnosis gardnerelleza, it is necessary to determine the clinical signs. If the manifestations do not bother the patient, then he does not need treatment. If the gardnerellez is manifested by associated diseases, then the treatment is performed by "Metronidazole" - the main drug, and symptomatic therapy is also necessary.