Germany - nature and climate. The rivers and lakes of Germany
Germany (Federal Republic of Germany, orshortly Germany) is located in Europe. It is very easy to find on the map, since it resembles a puzzle of 16 small pieces. The capital of the state is Berlin. The population is almost 80 million people. The state language is German.
The peculiarities of the nature of Germany are,that the northern part of the country was formed during the era of glaciation and now is a plain. In the south, the Alps are located from it, and in the north - forests.
The rivers and lakes of Germany are spread all over its area. The largest reservoir is Bodenskoe. Its area reaches 540 km2, and the depth is 250 m. The largest water streams are connected by channels. The most famous among them is Kiel.
The climate of Germany
Throughout the territory of Germany, the climate is different. In the north of the country - marine, in other parts - continental with features of a moderate type. Winter, as a rule, is quite mild and warm. The temperature does not drop below -10 degrees. Summer is not particularly hot (not more than +20 ºС). In the northern and eastern parts of the climate are more severe: relatively severe frosts and heat.
The northern lands of Germany suffer from the fact thatThe climate in this area is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Here, especially in the Alps, the largest amount of precipitation falls, most of which usually occur during the hot season. In spring, after warming, it can sharply turn cold.
The wild nature of Germany perfectly "feels" inthis climate. It is in all respects suitable for the development of agriculture and tourism. Most visitors come in the summer season (July-August). In winter the country is visited by a smaller number of people and only those who like to spend time skiing. The rivers and lakes of Germany are numerous, we will talk about them further.
The weather is constantly changing. In the summer, it is possible that yesterday there was a heat and the sun was shining, but today it's raining and the temperature has dropped to the minimum mark. The most dangerous "gifts" of nature here are rare. Due to the fact that the FRG is located in a temperate climate, even those large and large-scale floods that have occurred in the last few years can be called an exception rather than a regularity.
In 2003, for the first time in a fewvery hot summer. And there are practically no earthquakes here, all because of the relevant relief: the country is on the Eurasian lithospheric plate.
Coniferous plantations, consisting of spruce, larch,fir and pines - all this is rich in Germany. The nature of the country is not ordinary. A few kilometers from the mountains, there are wide deciduous forests, where birch, chestnut, beech and oak trees grow, as well as maples.
Unfortunately, at the moment most of the meadowsand fields was reduced to a minimum. This is due to the fact that the government of the regions has decided to build up these territories. Near the Alps are lichens, mosses and common herbs. Here grow orchids, roses, edelweiss and other flowers. In some places there are mushrooms and berries. However, almost all of them are poisonous.
Unfortunately, one of the countries with a poor fauna in theEurope is Germany. The nature of the FRG is very scarce in terms of the diversity of animals. Here you can see rabbits, various rodents, deer, wild boar. In the mountains you can meet cats and marmots. Earlier, a few years ago, there was a large number of lynxes in Germany, but at the moment because of poaching they are almost gone. In these same areas occasionally appears the golden eagle. It is inhabited by cuckoos, partridges, swallows, owls and others. In the reserves you can see the owls, storks and herons.
Some large rivers in Germany can"Boast" by the fact that in their waters settled otters. However, due to the fact that they are very polluted, the existence of these animals in the territory of Germany is under great threat. Germany is one of the largest countries with developed industry, and this affects the ecological state of the environment.
Rivers of Germany
In the territory of this state there is amore than 700 rivers. Their length exceeds 7 thousand km. Some of them are considered important enough arteries not only for this great power. Most of the water flows belong to the Baltic and the North Seas, only the Danube to the Black Sea. That is why Germany is one of the largest river countries, the nature of its rivers is very diverse.
The largest flow of water in Germany is the Rhine. The source of the river is located in the Alpine mountains in one of the largest lakes in Switzerland and in Germany - Lai-da-Tuma. The water flow has several major tributaries. High water is most often found in the headwaters of the river. In the lower and middle reaches, it remains abundant all year round.
An interesting incident occurred in 1932. One authoritative edition made a mistake and published information that the length of the river is 1320 m, not 1230 m, as stated in the official documents of hydrologists. As a result, false data was transferred to some encyclopedias, school textbooks and other important publications. The misprint was revealed only in 2011.
The largest rivers in Germany are:Danube, Oder, Rhine, as well as Elbe and Weser.
Lake of the State
Visiting the lakes of Germany, you can enjoy the view, shopping and just bathing. The reservoirs are located evenly throughout the state, from south to north, from east to west.
One of the most beautiful lakes is Tegernse. It is located in Bavaria and looks impressive due to the mountain peaks. The water body of Koenigssee is different in color. Its water has an emerald green hue.
On one of the islands of Lake Chiemsee is the castle of the last king of the federal state of Bavaria, namely Ludwig II.
One of the largest lakes in Germany is Hohenwarth and Bleiloch. Because of their large size, they received the name Sea of Thuringia.
Germany, whose nature is popular all over the world,famous for its large number of rivers, picturesque horizons and the beauty of the Alps. The largest federal state of Germany can be called Bavaria. It is famous for its lakes, mountains, castles, and also huge forests. Its capital, Munich, is the center of beer and such a direction in art as Baroque.