Grusha "northerner" - a variety for regions with cold winters
Recently, the popularity of summersort of pears, which was derived SP. Yakovlev. To get it, the pear was crossed "red-cheeked" and pear "northerner". The experiments were conducted in the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Horticulture named after IV Michurin of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences. The new variety is most interesting for the middle regions, in the future the pear "red-cheeked northerner" can replace in other regions other varieties of pears. A new summer view is located in the Central Chernozem region.
Pear "northerly" - fast-growing treewith a wide-pyramidal crown, because of its high shoot-forming ability tends to thicken, the branches grow from the trunk of the tree at an acute angle. The bark on the skeletal branches and the stem is brown, smooth. In the period of fruiting, the predominant type of fruit forms are simple rings. The leaves of the pear "northerner" are narrow with a glossy surface. Shoots of medium thickness, brown, not vented, slightly curved, slightly arched. Has a pear "northerly" saucer-shaped medium-sized white flowers with whole slightly loosened petals, located on a long pedicel. The flowering period is quite early, but later the spring frosts. Flowers have high frost resistance.
Fruits are oval in shape, the surface is smooth,value below average, high level of one-dimensionality. At the time of removable maturity they have a basic light yellow color with a brownish covering color on most of them. During storage, the main color is light yellow. The peduncle is straight, it is of medium size, not thick. The heart is average, has an elliptical shape, the chambers are open, medium. Seeds of large size, the shape of ovoid, have a brown color. The pulp of semi-oily consistency without stony cells is slightly cream colored, has an average density, juicy and not tart, with a sourish-sweet taste, the fragrance is slightly expressed.
The chemical composition of the fruit includes: sugar 9.4%, titratable acids 0.75%, ascorbic acid 7.0 mg / 100 g, catechins 46 mg / 100 g, arbutin 3.81%, pectic substances 0.64%. Maturity fruits reach by mid-August, the period of use and consumption lasts up to two weeks. Terms of maturation follow the maturation period of the pear fruit "quick-witted Michurinskaya" and pears "northerly red-cheeked." The taste is somewhat lost during storage. Fruits are quite transportable. Very good for recycling. Due to the low degree of self-pollination, trees need pollinators, for which the "Yakovlev memory" is best suited.
After planting, the trees reach fruiting atfifth year. They have an annual regular fruiting character, the yield of eight-year-old trees is about 120 centners / ha. Has a high winter hardiness grade pear "northerner."
To the merits of the variety, in addition to highwinter hardiness, include fecundity, resistance to fungal diseases and scab, an attractive type of fruit. The shortage of the variety can be attributed to the small size of the fruit.