Heavy equipment, capable of much
Mankind today simply can not do without itwithout various technical devices. Machines and equipment help people move around and erect buildings in a relatively short time. If it were not for heavy equipment, no one would have built the longest or tallest bridges and buildings. And thanks to it, it becomes possible to build the most incredible objects. And for military purposes, its use is simply necessary. For example, the range of a fighter or a helicopter is limited by the fuel reserve. And thanks to aircraft carriers, this distance is significantly increased.
What is included in the concept of "heavy machinery"
This concept covers a fairly broad spectrummachines and equipment designed to perform various tasks. First of all, it is road construction, as well as military heavy equipment. The first type includes:
- Quarry excavators and bulldozers.
- Mobile crushers.
- Rotary excavators.
- Mobile screens.
- Quarry dumpers.
- Tractors and more.
The second type includes tanks, self-propelledartillery installations, infantry fighting vehicles, armored personnel carriers, landing combat vehicles, airplanes, helicopters, ships, submarines, missile systems, military all-terrain vehicles, snow aerial vehicles, etc.
Scope of application
As the name implies, military heavy equipment inmainly used for the needs of the army and the achievement of relevant goals. In this case, for example, engineering machines can be used for civil purposes to eliminate the consequences of natural disasters or disasters.
Heavy equipment of Russia, both civil andmilitary purpose is produced in production facilities that belong to the military-industrial complex. Therefore, most of the specimens are characterized by high reliability, patency and long life in severe conditions.
Heavy engineering of civildestination for the transport of various goods, road works, construction of buildings and structures, bridges, laying of engineering networks. This makes the work more profitable from the economic point of view, and also allows to shorten the terms of implementation. The most heavy equipment in the world is represented by three models. They differ not only in their dimensions but also in their carrying capacity.
The largest excavator in the world is Bagger 288. This heavy equipment was built for Rheinbraun by Krupp (Germany). By its size, the excavator has surpassed the caterpillar transporter, which uses NASA to transport rockets or shuttles. He needs external power sources, so this giant is usually considered a movable device for career work. Weigh the excavator 13.5 tons, dimensions - 240x46x96 (length-width-height).
Caterpillar conveyor NASA is only slightly inferior"Bugger". Two existing copies are made on a platform of four caterpillar trolleys. To maintain the balance of the conveyor a special hydraulic system is used. This heavy equipment has dimensions of 40x35 meters (length-width) and can carry 6000 tons.
The most productive and dangerous is recognizedexcavator Slashbuster. It is equipped with a hinged disc of high-strength steel, which within a radius of 15 meters destroys trees of any breed and age. The metal is very strong, the cutting edge is so sharp that it is impossible to stop the work even with reinforced concrete blocks. For 1 hour, this heavy equipment can destroy up to 120 square meters of forest.
Belarusians are in the Guinness book
Until 2013, the largest was considered a careertipper Liebherr T 282B. And it is not surprising - with its dimensions and carrying capacity, it could rightly be called the eighth wonder of the world. Its serial production was started in Germany in Liebherr. The overall dimensions of the truck are 14.5x8.8x6.4 meters (length-width-height), engine power - up to 3650 hp. The carrying capacity is 363 tons.
In 2013 the company "BelAZ" started to produceDump truck "BelAZ-75710". This truck exceeded in all respects the aforementioned "eighth wonder of the world". The total power of the engines is more than 4500 hp. Overall dimensions and absolutely serious: 20,6х9,75х8,17 meters! At the same time, the lifting capacity reaches 450 tons. The truck has 2 fuel tanks, each capacity is 2800 liters (Liebherr T 282B has one, designed for 4730 liters of fuel). The speed that the truck can maximize is 60 km / h (here it is somewhat inferior to its competitor - 64 km / h). "BelAZ-75710" in January 2014 set a Guinness record - he was able to carry a cargo weighing 503.5 tons.
Of course, not all consumers need a heavytechnique, many can perfectly do without it. But there are areas of activity that can not be avoided without it. For example, it would not be possible to launch the Shuttles into orbit, or dig trenches at high speed. And military heavy equipment helps to reduce the personnel of the armed forces of any state, while increasing, directly or indirectly, the ability to resist the enemy.