How to treat a herniated spine without surgery? Intervertebral hernia: causes, methods of treatment
The spine is considered the basis of humanhealth. And the normal functioning of individual vertebrae directly depends on the state of the intervertebral discs, which play the role of peculiar pillows. At any physical load, the distance between the vertebrae should be maintained. During jumps or lifting of the weight, the disc acts as a shock absorber.
What is the intervertebral disc?
Distance between individual vertebraefilled with a special cartilaginous tissue. This is the intervertebral disc. Inside it there is a pulpous core of a jelly-like consistency. Substances that make up the core make the disc elastic and elastic.
For a number of reasons, the walls of the intervertebral disc canto lose its elasticity. Becoming less elastic, they cease to hold the nucleus. When protruding the contents beyond the disc, an intervertebral hernia develops, causing pain and discomfort. The disease is pretty insidious. The problem is that the hernia can develop simultaneously in several places. According to statistics, only 20% have one intervertebral hernia. The photos show that the disease most often develops in two or three places.
Causes of the problem
To unpleasant consequences can lead notonly an incorrect way of life, but also a genetic predisposition. Often the violation of salt metabolism in the bone apparatus leads to the development of an intervertebral hernia. A trigger mechanism for the development of the disease can also be poor sleep and stressful situations, malnutrition and bad habits.
Untimely treatment of the spine leads tocomplications in the form of tumors and hernias. In order for it to function correctly, it is worth paying attention to the work of all organs. Any, even a minor ailment can cause serious problems.
The main source of nutrition for the intervertebraldrive are the muscles. In the absence of physical exertion, valuable substances enter the spine in insufficient quantities. As a result, the disc becomes loose and less elastic. Soon there is an intervertebral hernia (photos of people suffering from this ailment are presented in the article).
Main Risk Factors
A person who leads a healthy lifestyle, more oftenall has no problems with either the spine or other organs. But, unfortunately, there are factors that can not be influenced. Special attention should be paid to the spine of people who have suffered severe viral diseases. Trauma to the spine can also lead to the appearance of a hernia.
According to statistical data, problems withthe spine is more common for women. This is due to a number of physiological features. Herniated cervical spine in women is often found in middle age. The disease develops quickly enough, and for treatment often requires surgical intervention.
Age is considered another risk factor. After 50 years, the intervertebral discs become less durable. The walls of the organ cease to fix the contents. As a result, the intervertebral hernia develops. The reasons for this may be completely unrelated to the patient's lifestyle.
Any disease is much easier to prevent,than after a long time to treat it. Not an exception and problems with the spine. Particular attention should be paid to the muscular corset, which is responsible for the normal functioning of the body in question. Simple physical exercises will contribute to its normal functioning, and the hernia will not be terrible.
Effective training for muscle corsetyou can call the slopes. It should be remembered that when bending, the intervertebral discs are under immense strain. Therefore, exercise should be done only after a slight warm-up. Running at a moderate speed and sit-ups are an excellent training for the muscles of the back. You can call walking on the stairs effective.
To not have to learn how to treat a herniaspine without surgery, it is worthwhile to constantly monitor your posture. This is especially true when working at a computer. The back should be always straight. The workplace should be equipped with a special computer desk and an armchair.
Often pain in the back is often attributed to a coldor stretching muscles. In fact, the unpleasant sensations that are caused by the appearance of a hernia, to be confused with anything else is almost impossible. Discomfort may appear after a sharp lifting of the gravity or in the wrong position at the desk. Even dull, prolonged pain may indicate that an intervertebral hernia has appeared. Treatment, reviews about which the most different, usually takes a lot of time. That's why when you have unpleasant sensations, you should contact a specialist.
Back pain with a hernia can have an increasingcharacter. First, it does not prevent the patient from fully fulfilling his duties. With sudden movements or coughing, discomfort can increase and grow. Often the pain gives in the leg or arm. As a result, a person can no longer move normally. A little subsides the pain only while in bed.
Huge discomfort brings a lumbar spinal hernia. Treatment in any case should start immediately, so as not to aggravate the situation.
In addition to direct manifestations of the disease,there are such symptoms as a decrease in sensitivity on the affected area or its complete absence. A person can observe the intense work of the sweat glands. The skin becomes dry and irritable. The body temperature will be reduced, and small swelling will appear.
In the most severe cases,neurotrophic disorders in the area of the hernia. Due to the fact that muscle atrophy, weight loss is observed. In the case of increased pain, the patient can not normally straighten his arm or leg.
Ailment in the severe stage will require considerablefinancial costs, since it will not be possible to treat a spinal hernia without surgery. To avoid surgical intervention will help only timely access to a specialist.
The doctor can start treatment of the disease onlyafter a complete examination and diagnosis. First of all, the specialist must determine the severity of the ailment, as well as its localization. There are intervertebral hernia of cervical, thoracic and lumbar divisions.
The most common is the lumbarspinal hernia. Treatment of the disease in most cases does not involve surgical intervention. Muscles of the waist are very heavy when carrying weights. It is no coincidence that the discs in this department wear out in the first place. Problems also arise in people with excessive weight. Big weight can be called the main risk factor for the development of ailment.
Such a load as tilting the head and itsslopes, promotes the development of a hernia in the cervical region. The most common defeat in this place is due to injury. The height of the cervical vertebrae largely predominates over their width. In addition, the individual elements of the spine in this location have a special anatomical shape. Therefore, the spine in this area is the most fragile.
The question of how to treat a spinal hernia withoutsurgery in the thoracic department, occurs rarely. This zone is additionally stabilized by the ribbed frame. Disks here practically do not wear out. Hernia can occur only in case of hormonal failure or as a result of a serious injury.
Treatment of the spine without surgery
First of all, the removal of the hernia will beis aimed at preventing displacement of the vertebrae. The doctor must take away the pain and help the patient return to a normal lifestyle. In the early stages, the ailment is eliminated without surgery. Specialist can be prescribed medication, manual therapy, massage, as well as a special set of physical exercises.
The main importance is therapeutic massage anda small physical load. Medical treatment has an auxiliary character. Drugs prescribed by a doctor help to reduce pain only. Some drugs can be effective only in the early stages of the disease.
A small intervertebral hernia, the causes of whichthe most diverse, easily eliminated due to static loads. With the help of a special device, the spine is stretched axially. This allows you to put in place the vertebrae and reduce manifestations of the disease.
If surgery is indispensable
Cased cases require operationalinterference. Thanks to modern techniques, the intervertebral hernia is easily and quickly removed. The laser allows you to perform the operation as effectively as possible. The needle is inserted into the affected disc, and then a laser light guide is installed. With the help of the latter, the liquid inside the disc turns into steam. The operation helps to reduce the internal disk pressure.
This eliminates the intervertebral hernia. Treatment, reviews about which only positive, takes only 30-40 minutes. Term of hospitalization of a patient after an operation does not exceed three days. Complications with the use of modern techniques almost never arise.
Changing the way of life
Not to wonder how to treata hernia of a backbone without operation, first of all it is necessary to reconsider the way of life. Weight reduction, outdoor exercise and proper nutrition will contribute to the health of not only the spine, but the whole body.
It should be remembered that the examined ailmentis not immediately apparent. Pain and other unpleasant symptoms appear only when the problem is already running. Excellent prevention can be an annual examination of a specialist and moderate physical activity.