Is conjunctivitis contagious and how to prevent it?
Jul 04, 2018
On the mucosa of the eyeball, inflammation can provoke a variety of microorganisms.To say whether the conjunctivitis is contagious, the doctor must after determining the pathogen causative agent.
- Conjunctivitis types
- Is allergic conjunctivitis contagious?
- Is Viral Conjunctivitis Contagious?
Conjunctivitis is a group of diseases in which a thin connective tissue( conjunctiva) is afflicted, protecting the eyelids and eyes.The most common cause of disease pathogenic microorganisms: fungi, bacteria and viruses.Regardless of the etiology, patients complain of severe redness, swelling, itching and tearing of the eyes.
In medical practice, there are the following varieties of conjunctivitis:
- Fungal type( ophthalmomycosis).This species is characterized by a prolonged course of the disease and damage to the entire mucous surface.Pus is secreted in scant amounts.A distinctive feature is the appearance of yellow or greenish granules on the mucosa, the formation of granulomas with purulent contents.When a fungus of the Candida species is affected, a raid is formed.
- Viral type.Often accompanies the diseases of the upper respiratory tract( tonsillitis, pneumonia), SARS.Initially, the pathology covers one eye, then goes to the second eye.Slime is abundant, the hyperemia of the conjunctiva develops.
- Allergic type.Occurs when exposed to a certain allergen( dust, animal hair, cosmetics, flower pollen).It is characterized by severe tearing, redness and burning of the mucous tissue.
- Bacterial type.Occurs when harmful bacteria enter the protective film of the eyeball, for example, staphylococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa or diphtheria bacillus, gonococcus, pneumococcus.Depending on the type of bacteria, the symptoms of the disease are different.Common signs are a strong edema of the eyelids( sometimes denseness), the appearance of a white coating on the mucous membrane, liquid discharge passing into pus.
- Dystrophic type.The disease is typical for workers in industrial enterprises.Appears with regular contact of connective tissue with harmful vapors and gases.
- Chlamydia type( ophthalmoccidiosis).This species is also known as trachoma and paratrahoma.With chlamydial conjunctivitis, parotid glands are enlarged, eyelids swell, pus is secreted, and hearing is sometimes reduced.
The term "conjunctivitis" unites a variety of different inflammatory processes on the mucous membrane of the eye.
Treatment of conjunctivitis
Treatment of ailment should be started only after visiting an ophthalmologist.The doctor should establish the type of pathogen and select effective drugs.It is not necessary to select medicines independently, because the fact that it treats the fungal form of the disease will not bring relief with viral conjunctivitis.
The bacterial form is treated exclusively with antibiotics.It can be drops and ointments, and in neglected cases it will be necessary to resort to injecting drug administration.One of the most famous drugs is Albucid.The solution is instilled in the eye several times a day.Tipromed, Vitabakt and Tobrex drops( for the youngest patients), Ciprofloxacin, also effectively fight bacteria.At night doctors recommend laying tetracycline ointment.
Viral conjunctivitis can be overcome with immunostimulating drugs and regular eye rinses.
Drugs with antibacterial action in this case is absolutely useless!Accelerate the healing process of the drop Terbofen, Florenal, Ophthalmoferon, Poludan.Means based on interferon are necessary to improve the protective properties of the body.
Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis begins with the elimination of the stimulus.Relieve the condition will help eye drops Allergodil, Opatanol.You also need to take antihistamines, for example, Zodak, Suprastin, Claritin.
Antifungal drops for the eyes to date, pharmaceutical companies do not produce.They are made extremly in medical institutions.Antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs may be included in the therapy regimen.Even an easy stage of fungal infection of the eye mucosa requires long-term treatment( at least 4 weeks).
Well proven and popular methods of treating conjunctivitis.In the morning, you need to wash your eyes with a warm infusion of chemist's chamomile.It must first be filtered.In the liquid, a small piece of cotton wool is moistened and the eyes are gently wiped, in the direction from the outer corner to the inner corner.
Preparations for the treatment of the inflammatory process of the eye mucosa are selected by an ophthalmologist, after a preliminary examination.
Learn more about the treatment from the proposed video of the Live Zdravovo program.
Is allergic conjunctivitis contagious?
Allergic type of ailment does not belong to infectious pathologies, therefore it is impossible to catch it.In this way, the individual reaction of the organism to the action of the allergen is manifested.Symptoms of the disease occur more often during the flowering season.Some people suffer from allergies all year round.Irritants are home and outdoor dust, animal hair, substances that are part of detergents and cosmetics.
Based on the results of numerous studies by ophthalmologists, it is believed that the allergy manifests itself in conjunctivitis of viral, fungal, bacterial and chlamydial etiology.
This is due to the body's reaction to the use of powerful antibacterial and antiseptic medicines.Therefore, for any type of pathology, it is recommended that patients be prescribed antihistamines.
With the regular occurrence of symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis, the protective function of the connective tissue of the eyeball decreases sharply.This, in turn, makes it sensitive to the attacks of pathogenic microbes.Therefore, quite often against a background of allergies, other forms of the disease develop, which already pose a danger to others.
To avoid such a course of illness, it is necessary to visit the ophthalmologist on time and follow the recommendations for the treatment of the disease.
Allergic conjunctivitis does not threaten others until a bacterial or viral infection has joined it.
Is Viral Conjunctivitis Contagious?
Viral inflammation of the mucosa of the eye refers to infectious ailments.It develops during adenoviral epidemics and accompanies the entire period of the disease.An infection is transmitted from the patient through towels, pillows, clothes, toys, eye drops.
After getting the virus on the mucous surface of the eye, the first symptoms appear after 5-7 days.The first sensation resembles the ingress of sand in the eyes, there are abundant serous discharge.Within a day the virus passes to the second eye.
This ailment most often affects young children who attend pre-school institutions.Infection is entered into the body at a time when the baby rubs eyes with unwashed hands, after contact with toys of an infected child.
The spread of an ailment in a large team occurs quickly enough and can be epidemic.Therefore, doctors are urged to limit visits to children with symptoms of a viral infection of school and preschool institutions.
Adenoviral form is more severe than herpetic.The patient's condition worsens the high temperature, general intoxication of the system, fever.After the appearance of signs of conjunctivitis, the patient must be isolated for 2 weeks so that the virus does not spread further.
Especially contagious is epidemic keratoconjunctivitis( a kind of viral pathology), which is more common among the adult population.Characterized by damage to the cornea and connective tissue.The surface turns out to be dotted with punctate light spots, which have a negative effect on vision.
Do not wait until the disease recedes alone.This can lead to serious consequences.The danger is that in the absence of adequate treatment, loss or significant deterioration of vision is possible.
Viral conjunctivitis is a contagious disease that shows the isolation of an infected person.
Prevention of conjunctivitis
It is possible to protect the eyes from infection with an unpleasant disease only if elementary hygiene rules are observed.Children should be taught to them as soon as possible.First of all, you need to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and eradicate the habit of rubbing your eyes.You can use only personal hygiene items( handkerchiefs, towels).
It is recommended to avoid accumulation of people during outbreaks of viral pathologies.It is also necessary to strengthen the immune system, taking vitamin complexes, immunostimulants based on interferon.When visiting the pool, you need to protect your eyes with special glasses.
People who wear contact lenses are at risk.
It is better to abandon their use during the period of acute respiratory ailments.If you are addicted to allergies, you should regularly hold a wet cleaning indoors, exclude contact with the irritant and take antihistamines.
If infection does occur, it is necessary to limit communication with others as much as possible.For washing it is better to use chilled boiled water and to wipe only with a personal towel.Treatment of the disease should be started as early as possible in order to avoid deterioration of vision.Therefore, finding signs of conjunctivitis, you should immediately consult an ophthalmologist.Self-medication in this case is unacceptable!
Inflammation of the conjunctiva develops when pathogens get into the pathogen.If there is redness, burning, discharge of serological or purulent character, you need to seek specialized care.Treatment will be appointed after establishing the nature of the malicious agent.