Means for septic tanks: overview, features and instructions for use
Today, quite a few ownersits site local sewage. For this, various septic tanks are used. This device needs cleaning every 3-4 years. To delay this moment, there are various chemicals. Means for septic tanks accelerate the processing of waste. There are many varieties of such substances. In order to understand what type they are best used in specific conditions, one should consider the properties of the means for septic tanks, as well as the cesspools.
Resources of the past
Means for septic tanks, which were used inpast, were exclusively based on the action of chemicals. They were pretty effective. Such substances were able to accelerate the decomposition of waste water, and also eliminated unpleasant odors.
The most commonly used means of the pastthere were ammonium compounds, formaldehyde, oxidizers nitrate. The first option was most effective. The most toxic agent for cesspools and septic tanks was made on the basis of formaldehyde. It was the cheapest. Nitrate oxidants are similar in principle to the same fertilizers.
In one way or another, all these substances weretoxic. They could damage human health and adversely affect the environment. Therefore, they were used as rarely as possible. Their positive result had a rather unpleasant backside.
Modern means for cleaning septic tanks and cesspools can be of two types. The first group includes chemical substances, and to the second - biological preparations.
Chemicals are used to accelerateprecipitation of suspended particles. For this, modern varieties have a coagulant in their composition. It causes small particles to gather in groups, large flakes. Because of the increase in their weight, they sink to the bottom of the septic tank.
Biological agents contain strains of differentbacteria. When they get into the autonomous sewer system, they begin to decompose organic waste. This approach has several advantages. It does not harm the environment and the actual capacity itself. The quality of wastewater treatment is increased. Also active bacteria contribute to the liquefaction of sediment on the bottom of the septic tank. Their activity eliminates unpleasant odors. Due to the complex effect, it will not be necessary to clean the septic tank quite soon.
Biological means also contribute to the maintenance of sanitation on the site.They prevent the development inside the tankvarious pathogenic microbes, do not allow the formation of toxic fumes and harmful gases. Thanks to this, the person on the site feels completely comfortable. Such remedies are completely safe for his health and the environment.
Behavior of bacteria
To understand the mechanism of exposure to bacteria and apply them correctly in their autonomous sewerage, it is necessary to consider the stages of their life activity. There are only four of them.
At the first stage, microorganisms trapped in sewerage are not ready for reproduction.They get used to the surrounding conditions. The second stage is characterized by an active interaction of bacteria with the septic environment. They begin to absorb the nutrients of the drains. This gives impetus to their active reproduction.
At the third stage, the number of microbes reachesits peak. Then they begin to feel a lack of nutrition. Their reproduction becomes inexpedient. But they are still in the septic in large numbers.
At the final stage, the lack of food leadsto the fact that the facility for cesspools and septic tanks loses its effectiveness. The number of bacteria decreases due to external or internal factors. It is quite possible that competing microorganisms will become prevalent in septic tanks. Then there is an unpleasant smell.
Rules for the use of biological agents
In order to provide a means for suburban septic tankseffective, they need to be properly used. To do this, you should first study the manufacturer's instructions. There it is indicated how to introduce the agent into the container. If it is a liquid, it is first shaken, and then added to the septic tank. Powder or tablets either dissolve, or in a dry form are introduced into the container.
If the owners are in a suburban home infrequently,Before the conservation of local sewerage, special additives are added to it. It is also extremely important to exclude the pouring into the design of drugs that are incompatible with the life of bacteria of chemicals. Otherwise, the number of microorganisms will drop sharply, an unpleasant smell will appear.
How else to apply biological agents?
Cleaners for septic tanks are used beforecleaning the structure. This is done a few days before pumping waste. The bioactivator is poured into the septic tank. This allows you to change the consistency of the sediment. It becomes liquid.
Solid waste is much more difficult to pump out. If the sediment is removed in an altered state, everything happens much easier. Use a septic tank can be much more effective and longer. If at least once a year to add such funds to the autonomous canalization, you can avoid a thorough cleaning of the station in the future.
What substances are not suitable for a septic tank?
If the autonomous sewerage has a bookmarkbiologically active microorganisms, it is necessary to select carefully detergents. The septic tank should not be filled with a whole list of chemicals. Bacteria are poorly compatible with such agents:
- Chlorine-containing substances.
- Any variety of phenols.
- Acids and aldehydes.
To use in a home similar substancesforbidden. They can not be poured into a septic tank. Also pay attention to the detergent. It should not contain antibacterial additives. Otherwise, this will bring to nothing all efforts of summer residents in the struggle for sanitation on their site. Therefore, when buying detergents, you should definitely study their composition.
What means can I use in everyday life?
Only environmental detergents for carethe house is suitable for local sewerage. This is important to consider if it contains a biological agent for septic tanks and cesspools. Reviews hosts the country house with an autonomous septic tank allocate several suitable for cleaning and household appliances.
To wash dishes the dacha is advised by means of "Shpyul-S". It removes fat well, leaving no streaks on the surface. It has a high content of active substances, which allows you to expend the product sparingly. "Шпюль-С" is safe for bacteria and the environment.
For cleaning the house, many owners of the septic tank withbiological means apply "All-Wedge". It is also safe for human health, does not cause allergies. Suitable for a wide variety of surfaces. Since this concentrate, it is enough for a long time.
To clean the plumbing, according to the feedback of the owners of the local sewer, "San Plus Fresh" is used. The product removes dirt from the toilet, sink, bathtub, chrome and tiled surfaces.
A variety of means for a septic tank, reviews aboutwhich can be found in various sources, will allow you to choose the best option for yourself. Users unanimously assert that such components eliminate unpleasant odors. However, it is noted that waste pumping has to be done periodically.
Some homeowners are pumping liquid,Bacterial wastes recycled to the garden. This allows you to fertilize the land. The dependence of the activity of bacteria on the season of the year, type of soil, and also weather is marked. In order not to smell at all, you should also use a tight cover for the design.
According to consumers' reviews, today there are several most popular drugs. These are the means for septic tanks, like Doctor Robik, Bioforce Septic Comfort, Septicsol, Tamir.
The first of the presented drugscharacterized by a wide range of funds. This allows you to solve any problems that may arise during the operation of the structure. Bioforce Septic Comfort, Septicsol are foreign drugs. They are known for their effectiveness and ease of use.
"Tamir" is a means of domestic production. Characterized by the ability to accumulate the concentration of bacteria. Also very effective drug.
Choosing the right funds for septic tanks, you canreduce the cost of its maintenance, cleaning. Also, these drugs increase sanitation on the site and eliminate unpleasant odors. These are fairly simple, but effective tools when properly handled.