State bodies of the Russian Federation: definition, activity and authority
All countries that exist today,are complex political and legal organizations based on the population and the legal system. But, as we understand, this was not always the case. Initially, instead of states, there were small social formations that unite a small number of people.
The need for the creation of countries appeared at the timegrowth tribal communities. At the same time, this kind of evolution did not happen immediately. After all, the state differs significantly from the tribe and other similar structures. First, it unites huge masses of people, and secondly, it implements universal methods of regulation.
A big role in the country's activities is played bystate bodies. These departments have their own hierarchy and system, which at times facilitates the process of coordination by society. It should be noted that it is the authorities that are the main subjects of the implementation of the functions of a particular country. The Russian Federation also has its own system of government departments. It is built in accordance with all international and democratic tendencies of our time.
Authority. The concept of
For a lot of time scientistsadvanced various interpretations, which were described by various departments of the country. State bodies of the Russian Federation today are institutions that implement certain legal institutions.
In most cases, such agencies are responsible forfor the actual control of the population of a particular country. But there are state bodies with specific functions and tasks. If we are talking specifically about the Russian Federation, then an example of such structures is the prosecutor's office, the police, the FSB, etc. The main task of such bodies is to protect the state and its population.
System of authorities
State bodies of the Russian Federation are included in a singlesystem, due in many ways to the functions of the country. This kind of structure is responsible for the existence of departments of one or another orientation. The main role in the process of constructing the system is played, first of all, by specific functional tasks. For example, to ensure security in the state there is a structure of law enforcement agencies. In other words, each sector of human activity is "blocked" by certain bodies. This system plays a key role in the process of studying the state apparatus. It allows you to streamline the consideration of certain departments.
Principles of the system of government bodies
Any kind of legal phenomena havecertain bases of activity. State bodies are not an exception. They also have certain principles of functioning. At the same time, the basic ideas concern all, without exception, existing agencies that exist today. Scientists distinguish three basic principles of the entire system of state bodies:
- Unity of the system indicates that the activitypower directly depends on the will of the people. This principle is fixed in the main act, the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The position of unity also contains information that the multinational people of Russia directly realize their will through a system of government bodies.
- The democratism of all social relations in many respectsstipulates the functioning of most departments. According to this principle, the activities of the bodies should be as transparent as possible. In addition, democracy speaks of the prevalence of man and his life as basic values. A clear manifestation of the principle is undoubtedly the accountability and control of the authorities and specific officials.
- Truly the key can be called the principleseparation of powers. It stipulates the existence of three branches of state regulation: judicial, executive and legislative. On the basis of this principle, the powers of the organs are divided.
Kinds of bodies in the Russian Federation
Given the fact that the state body -it is a structure that implements certain functions of the state in specific sectors of activity, it is possible to classify various bodies. To date, there are many types of different departments. Classification is based on various factors. Theorists distinguish several main species groups:
- If we talk about a place in the structure of the hierarchy of all departments, then there are higher, central and territorial bodies.
- Classification is made on the fact of the formation of the personnel of certain systems. In accordance with this, the electoral bodies and the appointees are singled out.
- According to the staff, the bodies can be collective and individual, for example, the President of the Russian Federation.
- The fact that Russia is a federation, causes the presence of national, federal and regional bodies. The latter type refers exclusively to the subjects of the Russian Federation.
Of course, the key classification isbasis of the principle of separation of powers. According to him, all without exception, state bodies are divided into legislative, executive and judicial. It should be noted that belonging to a particular branch largely determines the authority of the department.
After a series of reformational waves in Europe that occurred in the period from the 16th to the 19th century, the principle of parliamentarism became the basis for building any state.
According to him, in any country there must exista special collective body whose activities will be implemented by people selected directly by the population. Therefore, in all modern countries there are parliaments. In this case, the Russian Federation is no exception. The Parliament of the Russian Federation is the supreme federal body of legislative power. It consists of two chambers: the Federation Council and the State Duma. At the same time, the legislative power is an entire structure. In addition to the central body, peculiar parliaments exist at the level of the subjects of the federation.
Federal state executive bodiesbranches are a system of independent and independent structures that exercise public power. In fact, these departments actually implement the country's main functions. If the legislature issues the fundamental normative acts that are the foundation of the legal system, the executive brings such documents, or rather their provisions, into effect.
It should be noted that the powers of the stateIn each case, the body of executive orientation is sufficiently broad. After all, these departments are entitled to apply an imperative command, coercion in the process of implementing the provisions of certain regulatory acts for their more effective influence on society.
In the Russian Federation, the executive branch is an extensive and functional phenomenon. Therefore, all the organs belonging to this branch are characterized by a number of specific features.
Signs of executive bodies
The implementation of the provisions of normative acts is originally a specific activity. Therefore, the bodies directly implementing it, characterized by certain features, for example:
- they are practical conductors of public policy;
- in their work the executive agencies are completely independent and independent;
- they have a whole package of rights and material resources;
- The basis of functioning is legality and democracy.
At the same time, the activities of state bodiesThe executive branch is highly organized. It is produced in accordance with charters, regulations and other departmental regulations. This approach ensures, first, the efficiency of the activity, and secondly, its efficiency.
Types of executive bodies
As mentioned earlier, the parliament isthe supreme legislative body. From him there is a fork of the whole system of the branch of the same name. The central executive government body is the Government of the Russian Federation. In its activities, this main agency controls and coordinates the functioning of smaller structures. For example, the government includes ministers who are the heads of ministries. In addition to these, federal services and ministries exist at the federal executive level.
There is also a local level of activity of departmentsrepresented branch. State bodies of the Russian Federation, relating to the territorial level of executive power, are represented by committees, departments and main departments.
Judicial branch and related departments
A judicial state body is an agency,authorized to implement justice in the Russian Federation. This is one of the main powers of such structures. It is worth noting the specifics of their system. The key feature is that there is no division of judicial bodies into federal and local ones. The entire system is strictly centralized. This greatly facilitates the implementation of justice and, of course, ensures the right of every citizen to protect their own rights.
The system of judicial authorities includes general jurisdiction, arbitration and constitutional jurisdiction.
So, we examined the federalbodies of the Russian Federation, which belong to one or another branch of power. In conclusion, it should be noted that all the represented agencies effectively implement their functions since the Russian Federation gained independence. At the same time, with each stage of development, state bodies are increasingly modernizing their activities and the principles of its implementation. Let's hope that this trend will not disappear in the near future.