The largest cities in Mexico
Modern Mexico is aan extremely urbanized country with huge and no less large-scale problems within the settlements. Cities with a population of more than a million people in the country are only ten. Another ten - with a population of 700 to 950 thousand. However, it should be borne in mind that this is only official statistics, which, with an imperfect system of government, may not be quite accurate. Let's look at the big cities of Mexico.
Mexico City is the capital and at the same time thea major city in the country. Most of the population of this metropolis speaks Spanish. Strictly speaking, when calculating the population of Mexico City use the term agglomeration, the number of which is about twenty million people.
The Mexican capital occupies the most important placein the state economic system and attracts people from all over the country. However, the city is difficult to call comfortable for life - a large number of citizens live in conditions of little use for life, do not have access to education, health care and are under constant threat of attack in unsafe areas.
Other major cities in the country are significantly inferior in terms of the number of the population to the capital, but are burdened by the same problems: security, lack of access to clean water, environmental and transport problems.
Major cities of Mexico: List
If the list of the largest cities in the country includes only those whose population is more than a million people, then the list will consist of ten names:
- Mexico City;
- Ecotepec de Morelos (or simply Ecotepec);
- Ciudad Juarez;
The smallest of the cities with a millionthe population is Nesaualkoyotl, which barely crosses the line in a million people. This city is located to the east of the Mexican capital. Its name translates as "hungry coyote," and the city's coat of arms is the head of this animal, painted in gold, with a gold necklace on its neck.
Another major city, Monterrey, isthe center of the third largest metropolitan area of the country, second only to Mexico City and Guadalajara. However, the population of the city does not exceed one million one hundred thousand people. The settlement is located in the north of the country in relative proximity to the US border and is the largest in the northern regions of Mexico.
Guadalajara - a new city in the old place
Before being built on its currentplace, the city was transferred five times from one place to another. For the first time it was laid in 1532 in the form of a small fortification for protection from the aggressive local population, which at that time still had the strength to resist the conquerors.
However, today the city has reached an incredible heydayand entered the top ten largest megacities of Latin America. Like other major cities in the US, Canada and Mexico, Guadalajara attracts migrants from all over the continent, and this creates an additional strain on social infrastructure. At the same time, the city is considered to be the "Mexican Silicon Valley", because there are concentrated enterprises for the production of electronics and software development.
Globalization and neoliberal reforms have led tosignificant economic growth in the city. The weakening of state control stimulated the growth of private investments in construction, the emergence of trade networks and attracted a large international business. However, the rapid growth of the economy went hand in hand and with the growth of social inequality, which was exacerbated during the nineties of the twentieth century.
Most residents of major cities in Mexico aremestizos, descendants of the local population and European Hispanic conquerors. However, the local population did not completely dissolve in the waves of the new settlers and partially retained their identity. Among the descendants of the Indians, the most numerous group is the Nahua people, including the Aztec tribe well known to Europeans. Most of the Indian population lives in the metropolitan federal district. The total number of Indians around Mexico City is about 360 thousand people.
Problems of large cities
One of the main problems of large cities of Mexicois crime. The geographical position of the country, which serves as a kind of buffer between the poor or developing countries of South America and the United States, makes it extremely vulnerable to international organized crime, which is represented on the territory of the state by cartels of drug traffickers, traffickers of human organs and organizers of illegal migration to the United States.
Areas along the long Mexican-Americanborders are among the most criminal in the country. They represent a kind of transshipment points on the way of illegal migrants and adventurers of all sorts. The situation is further aggravated by the fact that the Mexican police not only are not able to effectively combat international crime, but it is often an integral part of it, contributes to the illegal trade in arms, drugs and the transfer of people to the United States.