UAZ-3962 "loaf": the main characteristics
Ulyanovsk Plant started productionminibuses with full or rear-wheel drive in the early 60's. Since then, lighting technology, engine power systems, brakes, but the overall design of the machines has not undergone significant changes.
Ulyanovsk minibuses that receivedthe characteristic form of the nickname "loaf", are used in various fields. One such area is the creation of ambulances for off-road conditions.
"Sanitary" with four-wheel drive
The reason for creating an ambulance with a fulldrive was the lack of roads between many small settlements of the USSR. Since 1989, for the provision of ambulance stations in such places began to be issued sanitary UAZ-3962. The car in this version is produced today, since it has no competitors capable of combining maintainability and high cross-country capability. However, the key factor when choosing a UAZ-3962 car is the price, which is slightly less than 510 thousand rubles for the autumn of 2017. The list of additional options is not rich and consists of one position - a turntable on the roof with a cost of 1 thousand rubles.
The basic equipment of the machine isanti-lock braking system, power steering and an additional passenger compartment heater. Inside the compartment there are guides for stretchers and two places for health workers or accompanying persons. Along the wall and on the ceiling there are regular places for the installation of medical equipment.
Constructively, UAZ-3962 is an ordinaryminibus with four-wheel drive, slightly adapted for the transportation of patients and medical personnel. Outside, a red stripe with an inscription "Emergency medical aid" and a telephone 03 on the central wide body pillar are put on the car. The second version of the painting includes the inscription "Medsluzhba" on the front doors and a medical cross. Typical varieties of coloring UAZ-3962 in the photo above and below.
The car is equipped with an all-metal framecar body type and has one side door on the left side and two doors on the right. Loading stretchers with the patient is carried out through the rear doors with symmetrical swinging doors. Overall dimensions of the machine do not differ from the rest of the Ulyanovsk minibuses.
The UAZ-3962 is equipped with a single type of engine. It is a petrol four-cylinder 112-hp unit ZMZ 4091. The engine has a volume of almost 2,700 cubes and works quietly on gasoline A92. A sufficiently powerful engine allows you to disperse a sanitary "loaf" to 125-127 km / h.
But because of the heavy weight of the car and the badaerodynamics, fuel consumption does not fall below 13.5 liters, even in a suburban cycle. On heavy off-roads, the consumption increases and can reach 25 liters or more. The gasoline reserve is located in a 77-liter tank.
The UAZ-3962 is equipped with a transmission for a full drive, which includes:
- Five-speed gearbox.
- Two-speed transfer case.
- Cardan shafts to bridges.
- Front axle with switchable drive.
- Rear axle with constant drive.
Due to the clearance of about 205 mm, the machine confidently moves along roads with deep ruts and overcomes water barriers to a depth of up to half a meter.