Vasculitis of lower limbs: treatment and prevention
The danger of such a disease as vasculitis of the lowerlimbs, is that it has a prolonged course. Inflammation leads to a number of complications that can even ruin a person, despite diligent treatment.
Why does the disease occur?
Vasculitis of vessels arises because of disturbances inimmune system of a person. Often the appearance of the disease is preceded by other infections of an inflammatory nature, for example, sinusitis, adnexitis or allergic dermatitis. There are cases of vasculitis after a flu or sore throat.
Causes of the disease may also be:
- intolerance of medicines (antibiotics, vitamins);
- frequent hypothermia of the body;
- trauma of the thyroid gland or brain;
- chronic foci of infection (caries, stomach ulcer, rheumatism).
Manifestations of an evil disease
Vasculitis of the lower extremities arises fromthe formation of immune complexes that settle on the walls of blood vessels. The disease is manifested by a symmetrical rash on the legs in the form of hemorrhagic spots. Then the spots turn into bubbles with bloody contents inside. When untimely treatment, the blisters turn into ulcers that heal for a long time.
On the background of a rash there is a moderate fever,fatigue, pain in the muscles, itching of the affected skin. Vasculitis of the lower limbs often extends to other organs, so it is necessary after a visit to the dermatologist to undergo a complete examination.
Treatment should be started on time
In such cases the doctor will recommend youhospitalization in a hospital, but it is possible to recover and out-patient. What is the treatment for vasculitis of the lower extremities? Treatment is based on the elimination of the allergenic factor and the use of antihistamines ("Dimedrol", "Suprastin"). Appointed as a means of strengthening blood vessels, such as rutin and ascorbic acid. In severe vasculitis, intravenous corticosteroids and antibiotics are administered.
The rash is smeared with ointment "Troxevasin" or otheranti-inflammatory drugs. Do not exclude the intake of vitamin complexes or dietary supplements. After recovery, every six months, you must visit a dermatologist and undergo a comprehensive examination.
Special recommendations for treatment
Vasculitis of the lower extremities is treated not only withThe use of medicines, great importance is diet and exercise. It is necessary to exclude from the diet all products that can cause allergies (citrus, coffee, canned food, etc.). It is best if the food is small portions, but often.
It is recommended 2 times a day to exercise and breathing exercises. Easy self-massage of the feet and ankles is a mandatory course of treatment.
Prophylaxis of vasculitis
The preventive measures of vasculitis of the lower extremities include:
- the rejection of harmful habits that contribute to the narrowing of blood vessels;
- the conduct of a mobile and correct way of life;
- dressing for the weather;
- timely sanation of chronic foci of infection;
- hardening of the body.