What is heart disease acquired?
Heart disease acquired in exactly the same way ascongenital is nothing more than a problem in the work of the heart muscle. In both cases, the disease is considered very serious and can lead to death. As can be understood from the names, congenital malformation is formed in a person even at a time when he is just an embryo developing in the mother's abdomen, and the heart disease acquired appears only after a person has come into the world and started his life path. The causes of these and other diseases can be different.
Heart disease acquired
The most direct way is connected withthe deterioration of the valves of the heart, which often appears due to rheumatism. As a rule, he is diagnosed after a person begins to understand that with his heart, something is wrong, he goes to the hospital, where he is diagnosed.
This ailment can be a consequence of atherosclerosis. The cause may also be a septic or syphilitic type of disease, but it can also appear after a serious injury.
The heart disease acquired arises from the fact that,that the valves of the heart valves become inflamed, and become predisposed to all kinds of damage and deformities. Of course, the failure of the normal operation of the valves adversely affects the work of the heart: as a result, it has to endure very large loads, and they can lead to thickening of certain cardiac divisions. A little later, the cardiac divisions begin to expand, and the heart muscle loses its contractility over time. All the signs appear heart failure.
Classification of heart defects:
1) As of the general hemodynamics:
2) On the etiology:
- syphilitic and others.
3) Based on the localization of the lesion:
4) According to the form:
Heart disease acquired: the main varieties
1) Mitral valve insufficiency. With it, there are large changes in tendon threads, as well as valve flaps. Due to these changes, the valve loses its ability to close the mitral orifice at the time the ventricle shrinks. Because of all this, a part of the blood is returned each time to the left atrium, which increases from this. Such a vice can cause stagnant phenomena inside the lungs, as well as increase blood pressure, which passes through the vessels of the small circle of blood circulation.
2) Mitral stenosis (mitral defect). With it, the mitral orifice greatly narrows, and this complicates the work of the left ventricle. Its cause may be rheumatic endocarditis. The vice becomes very serious in the event that the mitral orifice has decreased by fifty percent or more.
3) Stenosis of the aortic estuary. The fault is the anatomical changes that occur in the valves of the aorta. The resulting constrictions do not give blood the opportunity to normally enter the aorta. As a result of all this, the left ventricle suffers, as he constantly has to endure loads that are much higher than normal. A sure sign of this disease is pale skin.
Also known are acquired defects, such as:
- insufficiency of the tricuspid valve;
- prolapse of the mitral valve;
- Insufficiency of the aortic valve and some others.
All of them are extremely dangerous, which means that if they are found at home, it is recommended that they take all measures that will help in the future to prevent their further development.