Where was Ivan Turgenev born?
Classic of Russian literature, genius and quietrevolutionary - Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev - significantly influenced the development of culture and thought in our country. His books were inspired and taught by more than one generation of our country's youth. Although few today know what influenced the formation of the writer's worldview, how he lived, worked, and also where Turgenev was born.
Study of the creativity of any writer is acceptedbegin with the study of his childhood, the first impressions, as well as the environment, which in one way or another influenced him. Uninformed people, especially schoolchildren, confuse where Turgenev was born, in which city, calling him the homeland of his mother's mansion. In fact, the Russian classic, although he spent most of his childhood there, was born in the city of Orel.
Researchers creativity of the famous writerXIX century note that all the children's impressions of the Russian classic later reflected in his works. That time and place where Turgenev was born became the determining factors of his attitude to the existing authorities.
Reflection of childhood memories in literature
Ivan Sergeevich came from an ancient noblemanhis father - a refined, noble, favorite of women and society - contrasted sharply with the power and despotic mother Varvara Petrovna, nee Lutovinova. Later, all the memories of where Ivan Turgenev was born, grew and educated, will enter into some subjects of his works. And the images of mother and grandmother will become prototypes of powerless and heartless landowners from the cycle "Notes of a Hunter".
The place where Turgenev was born was richtrue Russian traditions and ancient customs. Ivan Sergeyevich with pleasure listened to the stories of his mother's serfs, imbued with their dreams and sufferings. It was here, in the family manor house, the writer realized what slavery was, and fiercely hated this phenomenon. Children's impressions formed the adamant position of the writer, his whole life he advocated the freedom of every person, regardless of his origin.
The brightest image of Turgenev's creativity iswithering old manor, which personified the decline of the nobility, the shattering of souls and the actions of the intelligentsia. All these thoughts were inspired by the conditions of the patrimonial nest.
The Spasskoe-Lutovinovo Manor
When the question arises about where was bornTurgenev, everyone immediately remembers the picture from the school textbook. A lime avenue, the rays of the setting sun penetrating through the leaves and an old house with white columns. Not everyone will remember the name of the estate where Turgenev was born, and meanwhile the local situation had a very strong influence on the writer's work, we can say that the Russian literary classics were born here.
Here, in forced exile, were writtenthe story "The Inn and Court" and the unpublished work "Two Generations", an essay "On the Nightingales", as well as the famous novel about the failed revolutionary "Rudin". Here there was silence and natural splendor, all this had to do with creativity and self-criticism. Not surprisingly, the classic always returned here after long travels across Europe.
Turgenev was not only an opponent in wordsslavery, after he gave freedom to his serfs (many of whom remained in the service as free people), the writer arranged for the estate a school for children and a kind of a home for the elderly. Until the end of his life Ivan Sergeevich adhered to the European traditions of respect for the freedoms of every person.
After the death of his mother, the writer gave inpart of his legacy to his brother Nicholas, but he left himself the only place where he was happy - the Spasskoe-Lutovinovo family manor. It was here that Nicholas I exiled in the hope of bringing the obstinate writer to the head. But the punishment was not successful, Ivan Sergeyevich dismissed all his serfs and continued to write books that were unfavorable to the court.
To the place where Ivan Turgenev was born and where he was imprisonedby the decree of the emperor, other geniuses of Russian literature often came. To support his comrade in Spasskoe-Lutovinovo, Nikolai Nekrasov, Athanasius Fet and Leo Tolstoy visited each other at different times. After each trip abroad, Turgenev returns here, in a family estate. Here he writes "Noble Nest", "Fathers and Sons" and "On the Eve", and no serious philological study of these works is possible without the correlation of the events of the novels with the history of the Spasskoe-Lutovinovo manor.
Museum of Turgenev
Today in Russia, many abandoned andruined noble estates. Many of them were destroyed during the Civil War, some were nationalized or demolished, and some simply collapsed from time and lack of repair.
The history of the estate, where Ivan Turgenev was born, alsoquite tragic. The house burned several times, the property was confiscated, and the famous alleys were overgrown with dense grass. But thanks to the connoisseurs of Russian classical literature, in the Soviet era, the estate was restored to the remaining drawings and drawings. Gradually put in order and a personal plot, and today there is a museum named after Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev, world classics and the famous genius of Russian literature.